Saturday 3 February 2024

Sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (Hadith) about Respecting Parents

There are several Hadiths (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad) that emphasize the importance of respecting and honoring parents in Islam. Here is one well-known Hadith on this topic:

Abu Huraira RA reported that a person came to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and said:

"Who among the people is most deserving of a fine treatment from my hand?" He said, "Your mother." He again said: "Then who (is the next one)?" He said, "Again it is your mother." He (the man) again said: "Then who (is the next one)?" He said, "Again, it is your mother." He (again) said: "Then who?" Thereupon he said: "Then it is your father." (Sahih Muslim 2548a)

This Hadith underscores the elevated status of the mother and emphasizes the significance of treating her with kindness and respect. It highlights the Islamic teaching that places the mother's rights and well-being above all else. The repetition of the mother's rights in the Hadith serves to emphasize the priority given to her in terms of deserving good treatment from her children.

It's important to note that while this Hadith provides a clear emphasis on the mother, other Hadiths and Quranic verses stress the importance of respecting both parents. Islam places a great deal of significance on maintaining strong and loving relationships with parents, recognizing their sacrifices, and treating them with kindness and reverence throughout one's life.

Certainly, there are several Hadiths in Islam that emphasize the importance of respecting and honoring parents. Here are a few more Hadiths on this topic:

  1. Abu Bakar RA reported: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Shall I not inform you of the biggest of the great sins?" We said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)" He said, "To join partners in worship with Allah: to be undutiful to one's parents." (Sahih Bukhari 5997)

  2. Abdullah ibn Amr RA reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "The pleasure of the Lord lies in the pleasure of the parent. The anger of the Lord lies in the anger of the parent." (Sunan Ibn Majah 3673)

  3. Abu Huraira RA reported: A person came to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and said: Who among the people is most deserving of a fine treatment from my hand? He said: Your mother. He again said: Then who (is the next one)? He said: Again it is your mother (who deserves the best treatment from you). He said: Then who (is the next one)? He (the Prophet) said: Again, it is your mother. He (again) said: Then who? Thereupon he said: Then it is your father. In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Qutalba, there is no mention of the words of Shu'ba: In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Jarir the words are: Who deserves the best treatment from me? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Your mother, again your mother, again your mother; then your father, then your nearest relatives according to the order (of nearness). (Sahih Muslim 2548a)

  4. Abu Huraira reported: A person came to Allah's Apostle (ﷺ) and said: Allah's Messenger, who is most entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me? He said: Your mother. He again said: Then who? He said: Again it is your mother. He said: Then who? Thereupon he said: Again, it is your mother. He (again) said: Then who? Thereupon he said: Then it is your father. (Sahih Muslim 2548b)

These Hadiths reinforce the idea that respecting and being dutiful to one's parents is of utmost importance in Islam. They highlight the special status of mothers and the emphasis on treating them with kindness and reverence. Islam encourages believers to prioritize the well-being and happiness of their parents and to recognize the high regard given to them in the eyes of Allah.

What is Filial Piety? How is it linked to Islam and Muslims?

Respecting and honoring parents is highly emphasized in Islam, and it is considered a fundamental duty for Muslims. The teachings of Islam regarding the treatment of parents are based on the Quran, the holy book of Islam, and the Hadiths (sayings and actions) of Prophet Muhammad. Here are some key aspects of respecting parents in Islam:

  1. Obedience and Kindness: The Quran instructs Muslims to be kind and obedient to their parents. Allah emphasizes the importance of treating parents with respect and avoiding any disrespectful behavior. For example, in the Quran (17:23), it is stated, "And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], 'uff,' and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word."

  2. Gratitude and Recognition: Islam encourages believers to express gratitude to their parents for the sacrifices they have made in raising and caring for them. Recognizing and acknowledging the efforts and hardships of parents is seen as an essential part of fulfilling one's duty towards them.

  3. Prayers for Parents: Muslims are encouraged to pray for the well-being, forgiveness, and mercy for their parents. Seeking Allah's blessings and forgiveness for one's parents is considered a virtuous act. Prophet Muhammad emphasized the significance of praying for parents in various Hadiths.

  4. Financial Support and Care: Islam places a responsibility on adult children to financially support and care for their elderly parents when needed. This includes providing for their basic needs, medical care, and ensuring their overall well-being.

  5. Maintaining Family Ties: Islam encourages maintaining strong family bonds. Even if parents follow a different faith or hold different beliefs, Muslims are instructed to maintain respectful and loving relationships with them.

  6. Patience and Tolerance: Dealing with parents, especially in challenging situations, requires patience and tolerance. Muslims are advised to be patient in their interactions with their parents, even if they face difficulties or disagreements.

Respecting parents is considered an integral part of fulfilling one's obligations as a Muslim, and it is seen as a means of earning Allah's pleasure. The teachings emphasize that kindness and respect toward parents contribute to personal growth, societal harmony, and the overall well-being of individuals and communities.

Interest based transactions in Islam

In Islam, the concept of interest, known as "riba," is considered forbidden and is strictly prohibited. Riba refers to the charging or paying of interest on loans or financial transactions. The prohibition of riba is explicitly mentioned in the Quran and is emphasized in various Hadiths (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad).

The primary Quranic verses regarding riba are found in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:275-281). Here are some key verses:

"Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah. But whoever returns to dealing in interest or usury - those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein." (Quran 2:275)

Islamic scholars have interpreted riba broadly, encompassing not only usury but any unjust increase or excess gained from a financial transaction. The prohibition of riba is rooted in Islamic principles of justice, fairness, and the avoidance of exploitation. The Quran encourages fair and ethical economic practices that benefit society as a whole.

Islamic finance offers alternative models that comply with Sharia principles, such as Mudarabah (profit-sharing), Musharakah (partnership), and Islamic banking systems that avoid the payment or receipt of interest. These financial instruments aim to promote economic justice and ethical behavior in financial transactions.

It's important to note that the prohibition of riba is one of the fundamental principles in Islamic finance, and Muslims are encouraged to seek Sharia-compliant alternatives when engaging in financial transactions. Scholars and financial experts work to ensure that financial systems align with Islamic principles while meeting the modern needs of the Muslim community.

What is Umrah?

Umrah is a pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the holiest cities in Islam, and it is considered a highly recommended act of worship in Islam. While it is not obligatory like the Hajj, which is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is mandatory for every able-bodied and financially capable Muslim at least once in their lifetime, Umrah holds significant spiritual value and can be performed at any time of the year.

Here are some key points about Umrah:

  1. Voluntary Pilgrimage: Umrah is a non-mandatory pilgrimage but holds great spiritual significance. It can be undertaken at any time of the year, unlike Hajj, which has specific dates during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah.

  2. Ihram: Like Hajj, the pilgrim undertaking Umrah enters a state of consecration known as "Ihram." During this state, certain actions and behaviors are restricted, such as cutting hair and nails, using perfumes, and engaging in marital relations.

  3. Tawaf: One of the essential rituals of Umrah is the Tawaf, which involves circumambulating the Kaaba, the cubic structure located at the center of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. Pilgrims walk around the Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise direction.

  4. Sa'i: Pilgrims also perform Sa'i, which involves walking seven times back and forth between the hills of Safa and Marwah. This ritual commemorates the actions of Hagar, the wife of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), who searched for water for her son Ishmael.

  5. Halq (Shaving) or Taqsir (Trimming): After completing the Tawaf and Sa'i, male pilgrims traditionally shave their heads (Halq) or trim their hair (Taqsir) as a symbol of humility and submission.

Umrah holds great spiritual significance, and Muslims believe that the performance of Umrah brings about forgiveness of sins and spiritual purification. While it is not a substitute for Hajj, it is an opportunity for Muslims to engage in acts of worship, seek closeness to Allah, and strengthen their faith.

One notable Hadith about Umrah can be referred to understand the importance of Umrah in the month of Ramadan.

Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "(The performance of) 'Umrah during Ramadan is equal to Hajj (pilgrimage)." Or said, "Equal to the performance of Hajj with me." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Reference : Riyad as-Salihin 1278

In-book reference : Book 10, Hadith 8

How to deal with depression according to Islam?

Dealing with depression from an Islamic perspective involves a combination of spiritual, psychological, and social approaches. It's important to note that seeking professional help from mental health professionals is also encouraged in Islam. Here are some Islamic principles and practices that may help in dealing with depression:

  1. Prayer (Salah): Establishing regular prayers (Salah) is a fundamental aspect of Islamic practice. It provides a sense of connection with Allah and can be a source of comfort and strength. Engaging in mindful and focused prayer can help alleviate feelings of loneliness and despair.

  2. Recitation of Quran: Reading and reflecting upon the Quran can provide solace and guidance. Certain verses are particularly comforting and can instill hope. Seeking refuge in Allah and reciting verses that emphasize His mercy and compassion may be beneficial.

  3. Dua (Supplication): Engaging in heartfelt supplications to Allah for strength, guidance, and healing is encouraged. Expressing one's feelings and seeking help from Allah is an integral part of the Islamic approach to dealing with difficulties.

  4. Remembrance of Allah (Dhikr): Engaging in regular remembrance of Allah through phrases and supplications (Dhikr) can have a calming effect on the mind and help in redirecting negative thoughts.

  5. Community Support: Islam encourages a sense of community and social support. Spending time with family, friends, or members of the Muslim community can provide emotional support and help alleviate feelings of isolation.

  6. Self-Reflection: Islam places importance on self-awareness and reflection. Understanding the root causes of depression and working towards personal development can be a constructive approach. Seeking forgiveness, repentance, and self-improvement are integral aspects of Islamic teachings.

  7. Consulting Professionals: Islam does not discourage seeking help from professionals, including mental health professionals. If needed, consider consulting a psychologist, counselor, or psychiatrist for professional assistance.

  8. Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle: Taking care of one's physical health is emphasized in Islam. This includes maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and ensuring adequate sleep.

It's crucial to recognize that depression is a complex condition, and seeking professional help is not incompatible with Islamic principles. Combining spiritual practices with appropriate medical and psychological interventions can contribute to a holistic approach in addressing depression. 

What is Piety?

In Islam, piety is commonly referred to as "Taqwa." Taqwa is a central concept in Islamic ethics and spirituality, emphasizing a conscious awareness of God and a vigilant adherence to His commandments. It is often translated as "piety," "mindfulness," or "fear of God."

Taqwa involves not only following the prescribed rituals and laws of Islam but also cultivating a deep sense of God-consciousness in one's daily life. It includes being mindful of one's actions, thoughts, and intentions, with the ultimate goal of pleasing and obeying Allah. Taqwa is considered a key element in achieving righteousness and avoiding sinful behavior.

The Quran, which is the holy book of Islam, frequently mentions the importance of Taqwa. For example, in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:197), it is mentioned: "And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is Taqwa. So fear Me, O you who are understanding."

In summary, piety in Islam is encapsulated by the concept of Taqwa, which involves a deep awareness of God and a conscientious effort to live a righteous and morally upright life in accordance with Islamic teachings.